Corruption can no longer be viewed as the “victimless crime”. Corruption is a crime against humanity. Corruption has existed since time immemorial; even in biblical scriptures corruption is present in many stories. The scourge of corruption in post-colonial Africa is growing at a tremendous rate that the continent could be enjoying. The continent has many ideological voices all seeking relevance. Politicians and statesmen in Africa are in an ideological tug of war. From Nkrumah’s Scientific Socialism, Nyerere’s Ujamaa socialism and Senghor’s Negritude-all these ideologies had good intentions but none materialized. Regardless of ideological persuasion, from the post-independence era to date, Africa has produced few states capable of creating enabling environment for economic development. It is not a contest of which ideology is suitable for Africa, it is a question of whether all these ideologies can be implemented free of the shackles of corruption.
Much as people are so quick to criticize President Kagame for being a tyrant, he has done Rwanda economic justice by dealing with corruption. According to research Rwanda has for the second year running ranked third least corrupt country in Africa, according to the latest Corruption Perception Index, 2017 only behind Botswana and tied with Cape Verde.
Even as i was registering the Pitch Black Kenya project, i was asked to remove “kitu kidogo” which means something small to fast track the process of licencing this noble project. Corruption emerges from many avenues. In Africa some of the identifiable causes of corruption include the negative colonial legacy, poor leadership, politics of the belly, omnipotent state, greed and selfishness. Clientele and nepotism, absence of popular participation of the public in government, weak institutions of governance, lack of accountability and transparency, lack of political will, weak ethical values, centralist nature of the state and concentration of state power, weak judicial system and constant insecurity and conflicts are also the causes of corruption. It is the top African leaders who are mostly the perpetrators of corruption.